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Golconda is not only known for Golconda fort but also renowned for the diamonds all over the world. During the Renaissance and the early modern eras, the name "Golconda" acquired a legendary aura and became synonymous for vast wealth. The fort was built on top of a granite hill. Golconda Fort History – Golconda is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Telangana that has a legacy of more than 600 years. The design of peacocks and lions is typical of Hindu architecture and underlies this fort's Hindu origins. From 1518 to 1591 it was the capital of the Quṭb Shāhī kingdom (1518–1687), one of five Muslim sultanates of the Deccan. Golconda, historic fortress and ruined city lying 5 miles (8 km) west of Hyderabad in western Telangana state, southern India. The fort was built by the Kakatiya dynasty in the 13 th century. Several dynasties ruled Golconda over years: Naya Qila is an extension of Golconda Fort which was turned into the Hyderabad Golf Club despite resistance from farmers who owned the land and various NGOs within the city. He constructed a small temple around the goddess Mangala Devi idol and later Kakatiya rulers rebuilt a bigger temple. The "Kala Mandir" is also located in the fort. The Qutb Shahis, known for their secular rule, established in the 16th century that adopted the regional culture of the Deccan. The fort is considered as a hallmark of excellence in military architecture. The tombs of the Qutub Shahi sultans lie about one kilometer north of Golconda's outer wall. There are three powerful consecutive fortification walls each within the other. Golkonda Fort was first built by the Kakatiyas as part of their western defenses along the lines of the Kondapalli Fort.The city and the fortress were built on a granite hill that is 120 meters (390 ft) high, surrounded by massive battlements.The fort was rebuilt and strengthened by Rani Rudrama Devi and her successor Prataparudra. Considered one of India’s most outstanding citadels, the 13th century Golconda Fort was built by the Kakatiya kings and later switched hands and came into the possession of the Bahmani dynasty. The Golconda Fort was built out of a mud fort that was originally created by the Yadavas and Kakatiyas around the 12th-century. The 13th century Golkonda Fort was built by the Kakatiyas. The ramparts of the new fort start after the residential area with many towers and the Hatiyan ka Jhad ("Elephant-sized tree")—an ancient baobab tree with an enormous girth. This fort has been built on a granite rock with a height of 12 meters. Golconda Fort was first built by the Kakatiya dynasty as part of their western defenses along the lines of the Kondapalli Fort. Later, the fort came under the control of the Musunuri Nayakas, who defeated the Tughlaqi army occupying Warangal. After the collapse of Bahmani Sultanate, the "Qutb Shahi" dynasty was established in 1518 AD by Quli Qutb Mulk who assumed the title of "Sultan". It remained the capital of the Qutb Shahi dynasty until 1590 when the capital was shifted to Hyderabad. The lowest of these is the outermost enclosure entered by the "Fateh Darwaza" (Victory gate, so called after Aurangzeb’s triumphant army marched in through this gate) studded with giant iron spikes (to prevent elephants from battering them down) near the south-eastern corner. The city and fortress are built on a granite hill that is 120 meters high and is surrounded by massive battlements. Later it was fortified between 14 th and 17 th centuries by the Bahmani Sultans and then by … It is possessed with internally flawless clarity. With the development of their unique Indo-Persian architecture, the Mughals made a major contribution to the Indian subcontinent. The dynasty came to an end in 1687 during the reign of its seventh Sultan Abul Hasan Qutb Shah, when Mug… The city and the fortress were built on a granite hill that is 120 meters (390 ft) high, surrounded by massive battlements. Built at an approximate distance of around 9 kilometers from the popular Hussain Sagar Lake, this fortress is a beautifully preserved monument of the country. At that time, India had the only known diamond mines in the world. Golconda is all this and more. Golconda Fort has eight gates out of which the main gate is Fateh Darwaza or the Victory Gate. The gate has steel spikes to protect it from elephants. Golconda Fort view from the Entrance Gate Entrance of the Golconda Fort, Hyderabad Its wall comprises of 8 gates and 87 bastions each one reaching the height of 50-60 feet. Golkonda was the market city of the diamond trade, and gems sold there came from a number of mines. Golconda Fort is located in the western part of Hyderabad city and is about 9 km from the Hussain Sagar Lake. It can be seen from the king's durbar (king's court) which was on top of the Golconda Fort. It also includes a war mosque. The most important builder of Golkonda was Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah Wali. [13][14], Ruined citadel in Hyderabad, Telangana, India, "Golconda" redirects here. [2][3] Later, the fort came under the control of the Musunuri Nayakas, who defeated the Tughlaqi army occupying Warangal. History. The Koh-i-Noor which literally means Mountain of light, is one of the largest cut diamonds in the world, weighing 105.6 carats. Close to the fort are the beautiful domed monuments, the Qutb Shahi Tombs built with Islamic architecture. The city and the fortress were built on a granite hill that is 120 meters (390 ft) high, surrounded by massive battlements. The fortress-city within the walls was famous for diamond trade. It is also known as Golkonda Fort or Golla Konda Fort. It is also one of the major medieval Indian kingdoms. It is likewise a tehsil of Hyderabad area, Telangana, India. Golkonda fort also known as Golconda literally meaning round hill was built by Kakatiyas. It is also known as Le Bijou du Roi which means ``the King's Jewel``. It has a pointed arch bordered by rows of scroll work. The two individual pavilions on the outer side of Golconda are also major attractions of the fort. The two individual pavilions on the outer side of Golconda are built on a point which is quite rocky. Many famed diamonds are believed to have been excavated from the mines of Golconda, such as: By the 1880s, "Golconda" was being used generically by English speakers to refer to any particularly rich mine, and later to any source of great wealth. These tombs have Islamic architecture and are located about 1 km (0.62 mi) north of the outer wall of Golconda. The spectacular Golconda Fort has above 80 bastons and 8 gates. You will feel the emotions and witness the rise and fall of the empire. It is believed that there is a secret tunnel that leads from the "Durbar Hall" and ends in one of the palaces at the foot of the hill. A Marvel Was Built Brick By Brick . Fact sheet Location: 10 kms from Mehdipatnam in Hyderabad, the capital of Andhra Pradesh Built by: Kakatiya Kings of Warangal Built in: During the 13th century Highlights: Sound & Light Show, managed by APTDC How to reach- From the main city, local transportation is available easily to the fort. The outer fort occupies an area of three square kilometers, which is 4.8 kilometers in length. [4] It was ceded by Musunuri Kapaya Nayaka to the Bahmani Sultanate as part of a treaty in 1364.[5][6]. The Qutb Shah Dynasty, which became independent from Baihmani Dynasty in Bidar, made this city its capital after reconstructing the Hindu fort. The Golconda Fort was actually built by Sultan Quli Qutub-ul-Mulk of the 16th century Qutub Shahi Dynasty. Balahisar Darwazawas built according to Nawabi style. It was originally known as Mankal, and built on a hilltop in the year 1143. Because of the vicinity of diamond mines, especially Kollur Mine, Golconda flourished as a trade centre of large diamonds, known as the Golconda Diamonds. The fort was rebuilt and strengthened by Rani Rudrama Devi and her successor Prataparudra. Golconda Fort History – Golconda is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Telangana that has a legacy of more than 600 years. All Right Reserved. Golconda Fort was under the control of Qutub Shahis from 1518 AD to 1687 AD. Golkonda was initially known as Mankal. Golconda Fort is located in the western part of Hyderabad city and is about 9 km from the Hussain Sagar Lake. The Poetical Works of John Keats", Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Defence Research and Development Organisation, Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research, Telangana State Road Transport Corporation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Golconda_Fort&oldid=991407889, Buildings and structures in Hyderabad, India, Populated places established in the 10th century, Buildings on the Indian Archaeological Register, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [9], The fort finally fell into ruin in 1687, after an eight-month-long siege led to its fall at the hands of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. They were extracted in the form of donations to Hindu temples. The Wittelsbach-Graff Diamond is a 31.06-carat (6.212 g) deep-blue diamond which boasts of ultra-rare blue hue. The Kakatiya dynasty was a South Indian dynasty whose capital was Orugallu, now known as Warangal. The fort is divided into four forts each having apartments, worship places, halls, etc. This protected the fort from Elephants damaging the fort as well as enemy attacks. There was a time when India had the only known diamond mines in the world. It is built on a point which is quite rocky. The fort was rebuilt and … Golconda Fort. The region has produced some of the world's most famous diamonds, including the colourless Koh-i-Noor (now owned by the United Kingdom), the blue Hope (United States), the pink Daria-i-Noor (Iran), the white Regent (France), the Dresden Green (Germany), and the colourless Orlov (Russia), Nizam and Jacob (India), as well as the now lost diamonds Florentine Yellow, Akbar Shah and Great Mogul. One fine day, on the rocky hill called Mangalavaram, a shepherd boy came across an idol. Mahakali Temple. Gemologists use this classification to denote a diamond with a complete (or almost-complete) lack of nitrogen; "Golconda" material is also referred to as "2A". Golconda consists of four distinct forts with a 10 km (6.2 mi) long outer wall with 87 semicircular bastions (some still mounted with cannons), eight gateways, and four drawbridges, with a number of royal apartments and halls, temples, mosques, magazines, stables, etc. Built by Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah in 1525, the Golconda Fort epitomises the opulent nawab culture of the time. The mosque inside is divided into two halls, a transverse outer hall and an inner hall entered through triple arches. During the early seventeenth century a strong cotton-weaving industry existed in Golconda. The central arch is slightly wider and more ornate. The Golconda Fort used to have a vault where the famous Koh-i-Noor and Hope Shah Hatim Lake encroached with constructions and the adjacent ‘Naya Qila’ area partially taken over by the Hyderabad Golf Course . It was taken over by the Bahmani Empire between 1358 and 1375. The curved gate is an important structure in the history of Golconda Fort. Golconda Fort is one of the grandest forts in India. The outer fort occupies an area of three square kilometers, which is 4.8 kilometers in length. These structures are made of beautifully carved stonework, and surrounded by landscaped gardens. Golkonda was originally known as Mankal. It was originally known as Mankal, and built on a hilltop in the year 1143. Founded in the approximately 12th Century by the Kakatiya Kings, this massive Golconda Fort with eight gates and 87 bastions was later built by Qutub Shahi Kings. The name Golconda means a circular hill. The two individual pavilions on the outer side of Golconda are also major attractions of the fort. The fort was built by the Kakatiya dynasty in the 13 th century. Golconda Fort Sound and Light Show from Hyderabad with Private Transport (From $45.00) Hyderabad Half-Day Tour: Golconda Fort and Qutub Shahi Tombs (From $86.12) 8Hr Historical Tour of Golconda Fort, Tombs & Old City tour of Hyderabad & Lunch (From $71.98) Total Hyderabad Full Day Tour (From $113.12) See all Golconda Fort experiences on Tripadvisor It was originally a mud fort under the reign of Rajah of Warangal. The Golconda Fort was built by the Qutb Shahis who ruled for 160 years from the fort. It was conquered by the Delhi Sultanate. The gate is very magnificent and was used to inform the residents of the fort about the danger. It was one of the largest empires of South Asia. In 1636, Shah Jahan forced the Qutb Shahis to recognize Mughal suzerainty. A shephard boy originally came across an idol on the hill, which led to the then rulers constructing a mud fort. The fort was rebuilt and strengthened by Rani Rudrama Devi and her successor Prataparudra. The Golconda Fort was built by the Qutub Shahi rulers who ruled for 160 years from the fort. Patterned cloth was made of prints which were made indigenously with indigo for blue, chay-root for red coloured prints and vegetable yellow. These sites are under restrictive access to the public because of the Golf Course. GOLCONDA Golconda is situated about 5 km to the west of Hyderabad old city. Bala Hissar Gate is the main entrance to the fort located on the eastern side. Golconda Fort is listed as an archaeological treasure on the official "List of Monuments" prepared by the Archaeological Survey of India under The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act. The history of Golconda Fort dates back to the early 13th century, when this south eastern … The city and fortress are built on a granite hill that is 120 meters high and is surrounded by massive battlements. The spandrels have yalis and decorated roundels. The facade consists of five arches, each with lotus medallions in the spandrels. Situated at the upper part of the fort, south-southeast of Baradari at the top of Golconda Fort, the mosque was built in the memory of the fifth sultan of the Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golkonda. Kakatiya dynasty built the Golconda fort to defend the western part of their kingdom. Forts were built by kings to keep the enemies at bay. Golconda fort was built in the 13 th century by the Kakatiyas with mud. Golconda Fort is a very large fort consisting of temples, mosques, palaces, halls, apartments and other structures. Golconda was the capital of Qutb Shahi dynasty from 1518-1687. This show is accompanied by : The impressive 16th century Golconda Fort stand tall for its glory and majesty. The stone and copper inscriptions were the sources of information about the dynasty. The diamond reserves are mainly found in the south-east at Kollur Mine near Kollur, Guntur district, Paritala and Atkur in Krishna district. The city is known for its historic past and modern future! It was originally known as Mankal, and built on a hilltop in the year 1143. Golconda Fort. Golconda Fort- The pride of Hyderabad. Many famous diamond-like Daria-i-Noor, Hope diamond, Koh-i-Noor, Hope Diamond, Prince Diamond, Regent Diamond, Wittelsbach-Graff Diamond were believed to be found here. They were great builders, who built monuments like the Char Minar. The Bahmani Sultanate was a Muslim state of the Deccan in South India. The history of the Golkonda Fort dates back to the early 13th century, when this south eastern part of the country was ruled by the Kakatiyas. This historic fort derives its name from the Telugu word “Golla Konda” which means Shepherd’s hill. Golconda Fort is located at Ibrahim Bagh, Hyderabad, Telangana. The name translates to victory gate in Urdu. The entire city of Hyderabad can be seen from the top. The name of the fort has been derived from the Telugu words "Golla" and "Konda" which together means 'Shepherd's Hill'. Golconda Fort can be roughly translated into the 'Shepherd's hill'. Golconda , or “Golla Konda” , literally meaning Shepherd’s hill, was originally built in the thirteenth century by the then Kakatiya rulers. It can be seen from the king's durbar (king's court) which was on top of the Golconda Fort. If you are headed to Hyderabad, do visit Golconda Fort, built on 120 meters high hill. Located in the city’s western part, Golconda Fort is one of the most famous attractions in Hyderabad. Patterned cloth exports were mainly to Java, Sumatra and other eastern countries. For other uses, see, Saqi Mustaid Khan, Ma'asir-i-Alamgiri, Translated by, "Alphabetical List of Monuments - Andhra Pradesh", "The Qutb Shahi Monuments of Hyderabad Golconda Fort, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Charminar - UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "6. It is listed as an archaeological treasure by the Archaeological Survey of India under The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act. Considered one of India's most outstanding citadels, the Golconda fort epitomises the sumptuous 'Nawabi' culture of the time. After this, Musunuri dynasty took over the fort by defeating Tughlaqi army. Golkonda Fort was first worked by the Kakatiyas as a feature of their western resistances along the lines of the Kondapalli Fort. Bahmani rule gradually weakened during this period, and Sultan Quli formally became independent in 1538, establishing the Qutb Shahi dynasty based in Golconda. S capital until it was originally a mud fort under the reign of Rajah of in! Then rulers constructing a mud fort that was originally created by the Kakatiyas quite rocky Darwaza the... Below has sculpted yalis flanking a disc blue in color weighs 45.52.. 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