How it's spread:Â Like hepatitis B and C, it's spread by contact with bodily fluids such as infected blood and semen. Symptoms can vary from mild or none all the way to liver failure and death. Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. About 15% of people infected with hepatitis A will have recurring symptoms over a 6 to 9 month period. The severity of these diseases depends on many factors, including access to good medical care, whether or not a carrier state develops, and much more. The World Health Organization (WHO) also reports that deaths from hepatitis have increased 22 percent since 2000. Estimates obtained from data modelling suggest that worldwide in 2015, there were 23.7 new hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections per 100,000 population. Do You Know How Viral Hepatitis Is Really Spread? But there is a global commitment to stopping new HIV infections and ensuring that everyone with HIV has access to HIV treatment. Unlike other forms of hepatitis which may have a chronic state, hepatitis A infection (as well as hepatitis E) occurs only as an acute illness, meaning once you have had the infection, it doesn't chronically take root in the body. Before discussing specific numbers and statistics, it's helpful to talk about how these numbers are reported. Hepatitis A. Hepatitis C Home > Hepatitis C Statistics Statistics reveal that about 300 million people are infected with the hepatitis C virus worldwide. New HIV Infections—An estimated 1.7 million individuals worldwide beca… The following is a selection of key statistics drawn from the latest available Australian surveillance and mapping data, and where relevant cites the corresponding national targets. How it's spread:Â Hepatitis C, like hepatitis B, is spread by exposure to blood or semen. 71 million people worldwide had hepatitis C; Both of these types of hepatitis can lead to lifelong infection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Charles Daniel, MPH, CHES is an infectious disease epidemiologist, specializing in hepatitis. It's thought that roughly two percent of people in the United States are living with a chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection, not to mention the other three forms. 2 In 2014, the racial/ethnic group with the highest hepatitis C-related mortality rate was among American Indians/Alaska Natives. It is common in South-East Asia, the Indian subcontinent, the Middle and Far East, Southern Europe and Africa. â¸ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) â All rights reserved. Though deaths from viral hepatitis are increasing, the report said new infections are on the decline, largely in part because of newborn vaccination against hepatitis B. Deaths: An estimated 44,000 people died in 2015 from hepatitis E infections worldwide. Roughly 70 percent of people will have symptoms with an acute hepatitis B infection. Since hepatitis C is often asymptomatic during the acute phase, there are many people who carry the infection but are unaware. More than 257 million people are living with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in the world. Hepatitis can cause illness or death due to both the symptoms of the infection and to complications that may develop. Here's a look at the prevalence and incidence of the five different types of hepatitis in the United States and worldwide. Superinfection is usually suspected when someone with hepatitis B becomes increasingly ill rapidly. Hepatitis E infection is most similar to hepatitis A in that it only has an acute state and is usually a self-limited disease. Marmorvej 51 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). While some types of hepatitis are more likely to be fatal or cause chronic long-term problems, there is really is not one type of hepatitis that is worse than another when it comes to individual people. He is the vice chair for ambulatory services for the department of medicine at Weill Cornell Medical College in New York. Send us an email, View full list WHO estimated that during the same year, 1.34 million people died from liver cancer, cirrhosis, and other conditions caused by chronic viral hepatitis . Deaths in the U.S.: In 2014 there were 1843 deaths in which hepatitis B was listed on the death certificate. of key publications by date, View Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.. Chronic hepatitis B prevalence in the U.S.: It's thought that there are 850,000 to 2.2 million people living with chronic hepatitis B in the United States as of 2016. DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø In May 2016, the World Health Assembly endorsed the Global Health Sector Strategy (GHSS) on viral hepatitis 2016–2021.The GHSS calls for the elimination of viral hepatitis as a public health threat by 2030 (reducing new infections by 90% and mortality by 65%). This includes not just people who are diagnosed in a particular year, but those who had been diagnosed in the past but continue to live with the disease. Acute versus chronic infections: When you're initially exposed to hepatitis B, symptoms usually appear around 45 days to six months later. OUR DATA: We use the most recent data from these primary sources: WHO, World Bank, UNESCO, CIA and individual country databases for global health and causes of death. Given the large number of people who are affected by some form of hepatitis, it's important to be familiar with the different types of the disease. Robert Burakoff, MD, MPH, is board-certified in gastroentrology. Two-thirds of infected persons in the Region live in eastern Europe and central Asia. In contrast, around six percent of adults, 30 percent of children, and roughly 90 percent of infants exposed at birth will not clear the virus and will develop a chronic hepatitis B infection. Hepatitis C Statistics . The most common age of the people who died is between 55 and 64. on new publications, Subscribe to newsletters and email alerts, Behavioural and cultural insights for health, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and the risk to Europe, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, European Health for All family of databases, European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, South-eastern Europe Health Network (SEEHN), Fact sheet - Hepatitis B in the WHO European Region (2019), Fact sheet - Hepatitis C in the WHO European Region (2019), Fact sheet on the SDGs: Viral hepatitis (2017), Infographic - Hepatitis in the WHO European Region (Download), Presentation on viral hepatitis (PowerPoint) (2013), News - Hepatitis B and C infect one in fifty adults in European Region. orders for printed books or themed e-book collections, Sign up for email alerts Global hepatitis B situation. Estimations of worldwide prevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus infection: a systematic review of data published between 1965 and 2013. Tel. 2015; 386 : 1546-1555 Summary alphabetical list of all publications, WHOLIS, Global Prevalence of Hepatitis C. Hepatitis C, or the Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), is a viral disease predominantly a liver disease; Carriers of the virus are at risk of developing chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, and liver cancer. an overall hepatitis B incidence of 1.49 per 100 000; a hepatitis C incidence of 8.7 per 100 000 in the Member States of the European Union (EU); and. Hepatitis B Statistics . For example, though there are many more deaths from hepatitis B than hepatitis A, an individual person may fare better with hepatitis B than hepatitis A. This statistic depicts the percentage of 1-year-olds who have a hepatitis B vaccination worldwide in 2015, by WHO region. Hepatitis B is the leading cause of liver cirrhosis worldwide. Denmark How it's spread:Â Hepatitis B is transmitted by direct exposure to blood or semen contaminated by the virus. Worldwide, hepatitis (especially hepatitis B and hepatitis C) was responsible for 1.34 millionÂ deaths in 2015. Worldwide: There are an estimated 20 million new hepatitis E infections each year worldwide, and it's a serious problem in East and South Asia. It's thought that roughly two percent of people in the United States are living with a chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection, not to mention the other three forms. research into immunization is in progress, Hepatitis A: Questions and Answers for the Public, Viral Hepatitis: Statistics and Surveillance. Worldwide, more than 170 million persons have hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection,  of whom 71 million have chronic infection. How it's spread:Â Hepatitis E is transmitted by the fecal-oral route (contaminated food and water and poor hygiene similar to hepatitis A) and usually causes digestive tract symptoms. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. The term 'incidence' of Autoimmune Hepatitis refers to the annual diagnosis rate, or the number of new cases of Autoimmune Hepatitis diagnosed each year. Of the three types of viral hepatitis (hepatitis A, B, and C), hepatitis C accounted for the greatest number of deaths and the highest mortality rate, at 5.0 deaths/100,000 population in 2014. Statistics. Hepatitis B (HBV) Up to 7 days – how long the Hep B virus remains active on a surface; 35,000 annual acute infections in the US – the most common form of acute viral hepatitis; 1.25-2 million chronic infections in the US > 3,000 deaths occur annually (US) More than 350-400 million chronically infected worldwide Our flagship report maps health trends, charts progress towards achieving health In particular, types B and C lead to chronic disease in hundreds of millions of people worldwide.
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